THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS

 

I SACRAMENTS II 7 SACRAMENTS III SACRAMENTS FROM THE BIBLE

I SACRAMENTS

Our Lord Jesus Christ Instituted the Seven Sacraments:

Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Penance,Extreme Unction, Holy Orders and Matrimony.

   The doctrine of the Seven Sacraments is as old as the church herself. All the sects that fell away from the Church in the early centuries retained the Seven Sacraments, as did the Greeks and Romans at a latter period. The Institution of Seven Sacraments is, it is true, not mentioned in Holy Scripture, but it is not said that there were more or less.On this point Tradition is sufficient authority.The Seven Sacraments answer exactly to the needs of the Soul, which resemble to a certain extent the exigencies of the body. The life of the Soul to be lost begins at Baptism, it is fortified by Confirmation, brought to perfection by Holy Eucharist; if the life of the Soul be lost, it is restored by Penance, and Extreme Unction; it is kept up by Holy Orders; and Matrimony from generation to generation.

Through the Seven Sacraments we receive divine grace at the very time of our life when we are most in need of it.

These times occur at birth. at our entrance into youth, when we have lost the friendship of God, when we embrace a new state of life,and at the hour of our death. As at sea there are islands and harbors, where the mariner can cast anchor and take in supplies; as there are roadside inns where the traveller can pause to rest and to recruit his strength, so on the weary journey of life the Sacraments are provided to afford support a Sacrament is sacred sign, instituted by Christ, to give grace. A sign by its very nature must be able to be reached by the senses, and Sacraments are signs which signify the grace they confer. For instance, in Baptism, the external sign, the pouring of water and the words pronounced by the one who baptizes, can be seen and heard; and they signify the internal cleansing of the soul.

A Sacrament consist essentiallly in three things, the matter, the form and the intention of doing what the Church does, on the part of the minister of the Sacrament. In Baptism, for example, the matter is the water; the form are the words used by the minister who must have the intention of doing what the Church does.

There are Seven Sacraments, no more, no less: Baptism, Confirmation, Pennace, Holy Eucharist, Holy Orders, Holy Matrmony, and Extreme Unction. Each gives both santifying and sacramental grace. Sanctifying grace establishes and nurtures our union With God. Since each sacrament has its own particular purpose, each give its own characteristic sacramental grace through which a title is acquired, establishing a claim to the special helps of that sacrament.

Three Sacraments, Baptism, Confirmation and Holy Orders, imprint a character or seal on the soul which can never be lost, so that none of these Sacraments may ever be repeated.

The sacramental system, therefore, established and provided for us by Our Lord, furnishes channels of geace supplying us with all our spiritual needs for all possible occasions in life. In dispensing the Sacraments, won for us by Christ's sufferings and death, the Church shows herself a true mother tending every need of our souls from the moment of birth till the hour of death.


II 7 SACRAMENTS

I Baptism - II Confirmation - III Holy Eucharist - VI Penance

V Extreme Unction VI Holy Orders - VII Matrimony

VIII The Last Rites

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I The Sacrament Of Baptism


Baptism is the Sacrament by which the soul is freed from original sin and is reborn through water and the Holy Spirit. In this Sacrament, which admits the one baptized to membership of the Church, a character is imprinted on the soul.

In the first part of the cermony the prayers and actions of the priest consider the plight of the unbaptized soul and ask God's help in repelling the onslaught of the devil. Then the Apostle's Creed and Our Father are said by the priest and sponsors. After an exorcism of the devil, the priest anoints the one to be baptized with the oil of Catechumens. A further profession of faith is made and the desire for baptism expressed. Then the actual baptism takes place. Using baptismal water. The priest pronounces the words "N., I baptize thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." As he says these words, he pours the water on the head of the child making sure the water flows. (This form is used in case of necessary, when any one may and should baptize.)

After this, the annointing with Chrism takes place and a symbolical white cloth is placed over the head of the child as the priest says that baptismal innocence be preserved till death. Following this, a lighted candle is held by the sponsor and a prayer said the the soul of the one baptized, may, when th Lord comes, be worthy to join the saints in heaven.

The ceremony now completed, the priest addressing the newly baptized by name says."Go in peace and the Lord be with you." to which is answered, "Amen"

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II The Sacrament of Confirmation

Confirmation is the Sacrament in which a baptized person receives the Holy Spirit, is strengthened in grace and is signed and sealed as a soldier of Christ. Confirmation brings with it a character which perfects the seal of Baptism, for it strengthens the one who receives it to profess, spread and safeguard the heritage of the faith under the direction legitimate pastors.

The ceremony begins with Bishop saying a prayer over those who are to confirmed, asking the Holy Spirit to come upon them. After this he extends his hands over them and prays that they may receive the seven gifts of the Holy Ghost

Wisdom, Understanding, Counsel, Fortitude, Knowledge, Piety, Fear of the Lord.

Then those who are to be confirmed go forward to kneel before the Bishop by the Sponsor and is asked what name is to be taken in Confirmation. Then with the oil of Chism the Bishop, placing his right hand on the head, anoints each with his thumb on the forefead, saying, "N., I sign you with the sign of the Cross and I confirm you wtith the Chrism of salvation. In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." R Amen. He then administers a light tap on the cheek of the one confirmed, with the words, "Peace be with you."

When all have been confirmed, the Bishop prays that they may, through this Sacrament, be worthy temples of the Holy Spirit. The ceremony ends with an instruction by the Bishop, stressing the importance of leading a good life.

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III  The Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist

 

Holy Eucharist is the Sacrament in which, under the appearances of bread and wine, the Body and Blood of Christ are truly, really and substantially present as the grace- producing food for our souls. As we prepare to receive Our Blessed Lord in this Sacreament, we should join in recitation of the Confiteor, once more detesting our sins in our desire to make ourselve a worthy dwelling for God.

Before bringing us the Blessed Sacrament, the priest at the altar turns and says: "May Almighty God have mercy on you, forgive you your sins and ring you to everlasting life." R Amen. "May the almighty and merciful Lord grant you pardon, absolution and remission of you sins." Amen.

Taking the ciborium from the altar and holding up to our view a concecrated Host the priest then says, "Behold the Lamb of God, behold Him who takes away the sins of the world." Then he says three times, "Lord I am not worthy that Thou shouldst enter under my roof, but say only the word and my soul shall be healed."

Coming then to the altar rail he give you Holy Communion, saying to each communcant, "May the Body of Our Lord Jesus Christ preserve your soul for everlasting life. Amen." After Mass we should remain in church saying our prayers of thankgiving to God for the gift of His own Son in this wonderful sacrament as the life and food of our souls

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IV The Sacrament of Penance

Penance is the Sacrament in which through the absolution of a priest, who has the power to do so from God, forgivness for sins committed after Baptism is given to a person who confesses them with sorrow, and who has a purpose of amendment. The penitent, before going into the confessional, should make a serious examinationof conscience and be ready to confess all serious sins, according to kind and number of times the sins have been committed. Circumstances which might alter the sin should also be revealed to the priest. Time should be spent in consideration of the offence offered God by our sins and of the penalty for serious sin, eternal damnation in hell, so that a sincere detestation of our sins and a firm purpose to son no more may be present.

Before beginning the confession the priest should be told the exact time since our last confession. After we have told our sins, we will be given a penance by the priest, who then says prayers asking God to have mercy on us before pronouncing the words of absolution: May Our Lord Jesus Christ absolve you; and, I, by His authority absolve you from every penalty of excommunication and interdict according to my power and your need. I absolve you, then, from your sins, in the name of the Father , and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Amen." The priest then continues with a final prayer asking the the merits of Christ passion of Our Lady and all the saints may assist us so that we may be rewarded with eternal life. With a contrite heart, the penitent, having left the confessional, should say his penance so that the terporal punishment remaining after the guilt of sin has been forgiven, may be in part, remitted.

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V The Sacrament of Holy Orders

Holy Orders is the Sacrament, instituted by Christ, in which is conferred the spiritual power to confect the Sacraments and to descharge properly other ecclesiastical duties. This Sacrament, as do Baptism and Confirmation, gives character and establishes in the one who receives it a rank of spiritual leadership among God's faithful.

The ordination ceremony is a long one and takes place throughtout the celebration of the ordination Mass. The essential parts of the conferring the Diaconate are the imposition of hand by the Bishop and the words:"...Pour forth into him, we beseech Thee, O Lord, the Holy Spirit, by whom he may be strenghtened for the faithful discharge of Thy ministry, through the gift of Thy Sevenfold Grace..."

In the ordination of the Priesthood, the essential parts are the first imposition of the hands of the Bishop, which is done in silence, and the words used in the following Preface:..." Bestow, them, we beseech Thee, Almighty Father, the dignity of the priesthood upon him Thy servant; renew in him the spirit of holiness, that he may receive from Thee, O God, this office next to ours in dignity and that the example of his life may be for others in incentive to virtue..."Finally, in the Episcopal ordination or Consecration, the imposing of hands which is done by the Bishop Consecrator, together with the following words, makes up the essential parts of this Sacrament: "...Perfect in thy priest the plenitude of Thy ministry and sancify him with Thine anoiting dew en- dowed as he is with every heavenly embellishment.."

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VI The Sacrament of Matrimony

 

 


The Sacrament of Matrimaony is a contract between a man and a woman, both of whom are baptized and free to enter the contract by which they consent to live together for the purpose of begetting and bringing children and of cherishing each other in mutaul affection. When parties are Catholic, or even one Catholic, the presence of a priest and witnesses is necessary for the marriage to valid.

The ideal of Christian marriage is the union of Christ and His Church. The love in Christian marriage must then be an unselfish love, ready alwasys to give completely to the beloved. As the husband is the complement of his wife and she of him, their mut- ual love must be the complement of their love of God.

The ceremony of marriage may, or may not, according to arrangements, include the Nuptial Mass and Blessing. If it does, the actual marriage takes place before Mass begins. The bride and bridegroom with two witnesses take their places at the altar. The priest beginning with the bridegrooms, ask the following questions: N., wilt thou take N., here present, as thy lawful wife according to the rite of Holy Mother the Church ? The bridegroom replies: " I will." This question is also put to the bride and she too replies " I will." The consent thus given, the priest then tell them to join hands and says, "I unite you in matrimony. In the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen." He then sprinkles them with holy water.

Then follows the blessing of the ring, after which the bridegroom places it on the bride's finger, in the name of the Holy Trinity and as directed by the priest. When this been done the priest says prayers for the married couple asking God's help for them throughout their married life.

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VII The Sacrament of Extreme Unction


Extreme Unction is the Sacrament in which by anointing with Oil of the Sick an through prayers of the priest, health of the soul and sometimes of the body is conferredon a baptized person who is in danger of death throught sickness. The effcts of the Sacrament may be summarized as follows: it completes the effects of the Sacrament of Penance, strengthening the soul for the last fight against the devil; it removes the remnants of sin; it builds up a desposition within the sick person to suffer and die in Chrst, keeping before him the example of the sufferings and death of the Divine Master; it cometimes restores bodily health, if this be in accordance with God's will.

Before giving this Sacrament the priest says three prayers asking God to bless the house and all who live there. After this, all recite the Confiteor. The priest then extends his right hand over the sick's person's head, blesses him and asks for him the help of the whole court of heaven.

Dipping his thumb into the Oil of the Sick, he then begins the anoiting, starting with the eyes, then the ears, then the nostrils, then the mouth and after this the palms of the hands. The feet need not be anointed for any good reason. As he anoints each of the senses the priest says the following prayer: "Through this holy anointing and through His indulgent mercy may the Lord pardon you for an offence through your sight( or any other senses being anointed). Amen."

Further prayers are then said for the sick person's soul, and God is saked to restore him to bodily health if such be His will.

Extreme Unction remits all forgiven mortal sins, and when the sick person is unable to go to confession, even if he has an imperfect confession, its effects are the same as those of the Sacrament of Penance. That is why th Council of Trent says that it is the complement, the perfection, the completion of this Sacrament. With regard to the traces of sin which it removes: this means that it affords special help enabling the soul to resist its evil inclinations at this dangerous and decisive moment of its life and, in the opinion of some theologians, that it releases the soul, according to the dispositions with which it is received, from a part of the temporal punishment due to sin.

James 5, 14F; 14 Is any man sick among you ? Let him bring in the priests of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord.

Mark 6, 12f ; 12 And going forth they preached that men should do penance.

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The Last Rites

When one of the household in a Catholic home has become seriously ill the priest should be summoned immediatelly. On a table near the sick bed should be a white cloth, a crucufix, two candles, to be lighted during the ceremonies, a dish of water, a small glass of water, and a spoon.

When the priest arrives he should be met at the door with a lighted candle and led to the sick room. There, he should be left alone until the sick person's confession has been heard, when all the family should join him as he gives the remainder of the last rites. Before Communion is given, all should say the Confiteor. The priest then gives the Sacred Host, saying, "Receive, brother (sister), the Viatcum of the Body of Our Lord Jesus Christ, the He may guard you from the evil enemy and lead you to life everlasting. Amen."

After the Sacrament of Extreme Unction is given, and again all join with him in saying the Confiteor. After Extreme Unction, the priest prodeeds to give the Apostolic Blessing, which carries with it a plenary indulgence at the moment of death.

A crucifix is placed in the hands of the sick person, ann the priest instruct on the power of efficacy of this blessing, exhorting him to make acts of faith, hope, and love, to call on the Holy Name of Jesus repeatedly, and to bear his sufferings patiently as a reparation of past sins.

After several prayers, including the Confiteor, the priest, involing the mercy of Christ pronounce the words of the Blessing: "...I, by the power given to me by the ApostolicSee, grant thee a Plenary Indulgence and remission of all thy sins. In the name of the Father, and the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." Amen.

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III  SACRAMENTS FROM THE BIBLE

SOURCE: DOUAY - RHEIMS BIBLE - http://www.drbo.org/

I BAPTISM II CONFIRMATION III HOLY EUCHARIST IV  PENANCE

V EXTREME UNCTION VI HOLY ORDERS VII MATRIMONY

 

I BAPTISM

BAPTISM COMANDED BY CHRIST

Matt .28, 19; 19 Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost.

Mark 16, 16; 16 He that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved: but he that believeth not shall be condemned.

John 3, 5; 5 "Unless a man be born again"... By these words our Saviour hath declared the necessity of baptism; and by the word water it is evident that the application of it is necessary with the words. Matt. 28. 19.

TAUGTH AND MINISTRATED BY THE APOSTLES

Acts, 2, 38; 38 But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

Acts, 2, 41; 41 They therefore that received his word, were baptized; and there were added in that day about three thousand souls.

Acts, 8, 12,38- 12 But when they had believed Philip preaching of the kingdom of God, in the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. 38 And he commanded the chariot to stand still; and they went down into the water, both Philip and the eunuch: and he baptized him.

Acts 9 ,18; 18 And immediately there fell from his eyes as it were scales, and he received his sight; and rising up, he was baptized.

Acts. 19, 4-5; 4 Then Paul said: John baptized the people with the baptism of penance, saying: That they should believe in him who was to come after him, that is to say, in Jesus. 5 Having heard these things, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

Acts 16, 15; 15 And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying: If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us.

Galations 3, 27: 2 7 For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.

1 Cor.,6,11; 11 And such some of you were; but you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Spirit of our God.

Eph. 5,26; 26 That he might sanctify it, cleansing it by the laver of water in the word of life:

Colossians 2, 12-14; 12 Buried with him in baptism, in whom also you are risen again by the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him up from the dead. 13 And you, when you were dead in your sins, and the uncircumcision of your flesh; he hath quickened together with him, forgiving you all offences: 14 Blotting out the handwriting of the decree that was against us, which was contrary to us. And he hath taken the same out of the way, fastening it to the cross.

Luke 3, 3: 3 And he came into all the country about the Jordan, preaching the baptism of penance for the remission of sins;

Hebrew, 10, 22; 22 Let us draw near with a true heart in fulness of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with clean water.

THE LAVER OF REGENERATION

1 Peter. 2, 21 21 For it had been better for them not to have known the way of justice, than after they have known it, to turn back from that holy commandment which was delivered to them.

Titus 3, 5; 5 Not by the works of justice, which we have done, but according to his mercy, he saved us, by the laver of regeneration, and renovation of the Holy Ghost;

TAKES AWAY ALL SIN

Mark1, 4: 4 John was in the desert baptizing, and preaching the baptism of penance, unto remission of sins.

 Mark 16, 16; 16 He that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved: but he that believeth not shall be condemned.

John 3, 5: 5 "Unless a man be born again"... By these words our Saviour hath declared the necessity of baptism; and by the word water it is evident that the application of it is necessary with the words.

John; 1, 33; 33 And I knew him not; but he who sent me to baptize with water, said to me: He upon whom thou shalt see theSpirit descending, and remaining upon him, he it is that baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.

Acts 2, 38; 38 But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

Acts 8.12f; 12 But when they had believed Philip preaching of the kingdom of God, in the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.

Acts 16, 33; 33And he, taking them the same hour of the night, washed their stripes, and himself was baptized, and all his house immediately.

Romans, 6, 3-6; 3 Know you not that all we, who are baptized in Christ Jesus, are baptized in his death? 4 For we are buried together with him by baptism into death; that as Christ is risen from the dead by the glory of the Father, so we also may walk in newness of life. 5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection. 6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin may be destroyed, to the end that we may serve sin no longer.

 Galations 3, 27: 2 7 For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.

1 Cor.,6,11; 11 And such some of you were; but you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Spirit of our God.

Eph. 5,26; 26 That he might sanctify it, cleansing it by the laver of water in the word of life:

Colossians 2, 12-14; 12 Buried with him in baptism, in whom also you are risen again by the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him up from the dead. 13 And you, when you were dead in your sins, and the uncircumcision of your flesh; he hath quickened together with him, forgiving you all offences: 14 Blotting out the handwriting of the decree that was against us, which was contrary to us. And he hath taken the same out of the way, fastening it to the cross.

Luke 3, 3: 3 And he came into all the country about the Jordan, preaching the baptism of penance for the remission of sins;

Hebrew, 10, 22; 22 Let us draw near with a true heart in fulness of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with clean water.

NOT TO BE REPEATED

Eph. 4, 5: 5 One Lord, one faith, one baptism.

Hebrew,6, 4-6; 4 For it is impossible for those who were once illuminated, have tasted also the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, 5 Have moreover tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, 6 And are fallen away: to be renewed again to penance, crucifying again to themselves the Son of God, and making him a mockery.

4 "It is impossible"... The meaning is, that it is impossible for such as have fallen after baptism, to be again baptized; and very hard for such as have apostatized from the faith, after having received many graces, to return again to the happy state fromwhich they fell.

Hebrews', 10, 26; 26 For if we sin wilfully after having the knowledge of the truth, there is now left no sacrifice for sins,

26 "If we sin wilfully"... He speaks of the sin of wilful apostasy from the known truth; after which, as we can not be baptized again, we can not expect to have that abundant remission of sins, which Christ purchased by his death, applied to our souls in that a mple manner as it is in baptism: but we have rather all manner of reason to look for a dreadful judgment; the more because apostates from the known truth, seldom or never have the grace to return to it.

SIGNIFIES PASSION OR SUFFERING

Mark,10, 38; 38 And Jesus said to them: You know not what you ask. Can you drink of the chalice that I drink of: or be baptized with the baptism wherewith I am baptized ?

Luke, 12, 50; 50 And I have a baptism wherewith I am to be baptized: and how am I straitened until it be accomplished ?

TO BE ADMINISTERED TO CHILDREN

Matt. 18, 14; 14 Even so it is not the will of your Father, who is in heaven, that one of these little ones should perish.

Matt 19, 13f ; 13 Then were little children presented to him, that he should impose hands upon them and pray. And the disciples rebuked them.

Mark 19,13-16; 13  Then were little children presented to him, that he should impose hands upon them and pray. And the disciples rebuked them. 14 But Jesus said to them: Suffer the little children, and forbid them not to come to me: for the kingdom of heaven is for such. 15 And when he had imposed hands upon them, he departed from thence. 16 And behold one came and said to him: Good master, what good shall I do that I may have life everlasting ?

Luke18, 15, 17; 15 And they brought unto him also infants, that he might touch them. Which when the disciples saw, they rebuked them. 17 Amen, I say to you: Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a child, shall not enter into it.

John, 3, 5; 5 Jesus answered: Amen, amen I say to thee, unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Ghost, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.

5 "Unless a man be born again"... By these words our Saviour hath declared the necessity of baptism; and by the word water it is evident that the application of it is necessary with the words. Matt. 28. 19.

Acts, 2, 39; 39 For the promise is to you, and to your children, and to all that are far off, whomsoever the Lord our God shall call.

Acts 16, 15, 33; 15 And when she was baptized, and her household, she besought us, saying: If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house, and abide there. And she constrained us. 33 And he, taking them the same hour of the night, washed their stripes, and himself was baptized, and all his house immediately.

1 Cor. 1, 16; 16 And I baptized also the household of Stephanus; besides, I know not whether I baptized any other.

1 Cor. 15, 22; 22 And as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all shall be made alive.

Heb. 6, 4, 5-6; 4 For it is impossible for those who were once illuminated, have tasted also the heavenly gift, and were made

4 "It is impossible"... The meaning is, that it is impossible for such as have fallen after baptism, to be again baptized; and very hard for such as have apostatized from the faith, after having received many graces, to return again to the happy state from which they fell.

Heb.5, 6; 6 As he saith also in another place: Thou art a priest for ever, according to the order of Melchisedech.

PERSONS BAPTIZED RECEIVE THE HOLY SPIRIT

Acts 2, 38; 38 But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

Acts. 19,5f; 5 Having heard these things, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

THE BAPTIZED PUT ON CHRIST:

Gal. 3, 27; 27  For as many of you as have been baptized in Christ, have put on Christ.

CHRISTIANS ARE BAPTIZED IN CHRIST'S DEATH

Rom.6, 3; 3 Know you not that all we, who are baptized in Christ Jesus, are baptized in his death?

ARE BAPTIZED INTO ONE BODY

1Cor. 12, 13; 13 For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have all been made to drink.

1 Cor. 12, 27; 27 Now you are the body of Christ, and members of member.

II CONFIRMATION

Acts : 19. 6, 20; 6 And when Paul had imposed his hands on them, the Holy Ghost came upon them, and they spoke with tongues and prophesied. 20 So mightily grew the word of God, and was confirmed.

Acts 8,-17; 17 Then they laid their hands upon them, and they received the Holy Ghost.

Heb.6, 2; 2 Of the doctrine of baptisms, and imposition of hands, and of the resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment .

2 Cor.1, 21f 21 Now he that confirmeth us with you in Christ, and that hath anointed us, is God:

Eph..1, 13; 13 In whom you also, after you had heard the word of truth, (the gospel of your salvation;) in whom also believing, you were signed with the holy Spirit of promise,

III HOLY EUCHARIST:

PROPHESIED

Mal. 1, 11; 11  For from the rising of the sun even to the going down, my name is great among the Gentiles, and in every place there is sacrifice, and there is offered to my name a clean oblation: for my name is great among the Gentiles, saith the Lord of hosts.

PREFIGURED

Ex 16, 15: 15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another: Manhu ! which signifieth: What is this! For they knew not what it was. And Moses said to them: This is the bread, which the Lord hath given you to eat.

PROMISED

John 6, 32-60 32 Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world. 34 They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread. 35 And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst. 36 But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not. 37 All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out. 38 Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me. 39 Now this is the wii of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day. 40 And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day. 41 The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven. 42 And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know ? How then saith he, I came down from heave 43 Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves. 44 No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day. 4 5 It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.

44 "Draw him"... Not by compulsion, nor by laying the free will under any necessity, but by the strong and sweet motions of his heavenly grace.

46 Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father. 47 Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life. 48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead. 50 This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die. 51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven. 52 If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world. 53 The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat? 54 Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you. 55 He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.

54 "Eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood"... To receive the body and blood of Christ, is a divine precept, I nsinuated in this text; which the faithful fulfil, though they receive but in one kind; because in one kind they receive both body and blood, which cannot be separated from each other. Hence, life eternal is here promised to the worthy receiving, though but in one kind. Ver. 52. If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh for the life of the world. Ver. 58. He that eateth me, the same also shall live by me. Ver. 59. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.

56 For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed. 57 He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him. 58 As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me. 59 This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth his bread, shall live for ever. 60 These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.

INSTITUTED

Matt. 26, 26-28 26 "This is my body"... He does not say, This is the figure of my body, but This is my body. (2 Council of Nice, Act. 6.) Neither does he say in this, or with this is my body; but absolutely, This is my body: which plainly implies transubstantiation. 27 "Drink ye all of this"... This was spoken to the twelve apostles; who were the all then present; and they all drank of it, says St. Mark 14. 23. But it no ways follows from these words spoken to the apostles, that all the faithful are here commanded to drink of the chalice; any more than that all the faithful are commanded to consecrate, offer and administer this sacrament; because Christ upon this same occasion, and at the same time, bid the apostles do so; in these words, St. Luke 22. 19, Do this for a commemoration of me. 28 "Blood of the new testament"... As the old testament was dedicated with the blood of victims, by Moses, in these words: This is the blood of the testament, etc., Heb. 9. 20; so here is the dedication and institution of the new testament, in the blood of Christ, here mystically shed by these words: This is the blood of the new testament, etc.

Mark, 14, 22: 22 And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body. 23 And having taken the chalice, giving

Luke 22, 19: 19 And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.

1 Cor. 11, 23-27; 23 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread. 24 And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me. 25 In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me. 26 For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come. 27 Therefore whosoever shall eat this bread, or drink the chalice of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and of the blood of the Lord.. 1Cor. 10, 16, 16 The chalice of benediction, which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ ? And the bread, which we break, is it not the partaking of the body of the Lord ? should be frequently received.

1Cor. 10, 16;  16 The chalice of benediction, which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ ? And the bread, which we break, is it not the partaking of the body of the Lord ?

SHOULD BE FREQUENTLY RECEIVED

Act 2,42;  42 And they were persevering in the doctrine of the apostles, and in the communication of the breaking of bread, and in prayers.

Acts 2, 20; 7 And on the first day of the week, when we were assembled to break bread, Paul discoursed with them, being to depart on the morrow: and he continued his speech until midnight.

Ps. 77, 24f, ;  24 And had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them the bread of heaven.

Prov. 9, 2f;  2 She hath slain her victims, mingled her wine, and set forth her table.

Wisd. 16, 20;  20 Instead of which things thou didst feed thy people with the food of angels, and gavest them bread from heaven prepared without labour; having in it all that is delicious, and the sweetness of every taste.

EUCHARIST UNDER ONE KIND

Luke 24, 30f; 30 And it came to pass, whilst he was at table with them, he took bread, and blessed, and brake, and gave to them.

John 6, 59;  59 This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.

SEE ALSO VERSES

John 33, 38 ,51,52,58. 33 For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world. 38 Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me. 51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven. 52 If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world. 58 As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.

Acts, 2, 42;  42 And they were persevering in the doctrine of the apostles, and in the communication of the breaking of bread, and in prayers.

Acts. 20, 7;  7 And on the first day of the week, when we were assembled to break bread, Paul discoursed with them, being to depart on the morrow: and he continued his speech until midnight.

1 Cor. 11, 27; 27 Therefore whosoever shall eat this bread, or drink the chalice of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and of the blood of the Lord.

TRANSUBSTANTIATION

Matt. 26, 26; 26 And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.

Mark 14, 22; 22 And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye.This is my body. it.

Luke 22, 19; 19 And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given foryou. Do this for a commemoration of me.

19 "Do this for a commemoration of me"... This sacrifice and sacrament is to be continued in the church, to the end of the world, to shew forth the death of Christ, until he cometh. But this commemoration, or remem-brance, is by no means incons istent with the real presence of his body and blood, under these sacramental veils, which represent his death; on the contrary, it is the manner that he himself hath commanded, of commemorating and celebrating his death, by offering in sacrifice, and receiving in the sacrament, that body and blood by which we were redeemed.

John 6, 51f; 51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven.

1 Cor.10, 16; 16 The chalice of benediction, which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ ? And the bread,which we break, is it not the partaking of the body of the Lord ?

1 Cor. 11, 27,29; 27 Therefore whosoever shall eat this bread, or drink the chalice of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and of the blood of the Lord.

27 "Or drink"... Here erroneous translators corrupted the text, by putting and drink (contrary to the original) instead of or drink.

27 "Guilty of the body"... not discerning the body. This demonstrates the real presence of the body and blood of Christ, even to the unworthy communicant; who otherwise could not be guilty of the body and blood of Christ, or justly condemned for not discerning the Lord's body.

29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh judgment to himself, not discerning the body of the Lord.

IV PENANCE:

Matt. 18, 18; 18 Amen I say to you, whatsoever you shall bind upon earth, shall be bound also in heaven; and whatsoever you shall loose upon earth, shall be loosed also in heaven.

Matt.16, 19; 19 And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose upon earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven.

19 "Loose upon earth"... The loosing the bands of temporal punishments due to sins, is called an indulgence; the power of which is here granted.

John 12, 22f &23; 22When he had said this, he breathed on them; and he said to them: Receive ye the Holy Ghost. 23 Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained.

2 Corr. 5, 20; 20 For Christ therefore we are ambassadors, God as it were exhorting by us. For Christ, we beseech you, be reconciled to God.

See verses 18 & 19 For Christ therefore we are ambassadors, God as it were exhorting by us. For Christ, we beseech you, be reconciled to God.

V EXTREME UNCTION:

James 5, 14F; 14 Is any man sick among you ? Let him bring in the priests of the church, and let them pray over him, anoint ing him with oil in the name of the Lord.

Mark 6, 12f ;  12 And going forth they preached that men should do penance:

VI HOLY ORDERS

INSTITUTED BY CHRIST:

Luke 22, 19; 19 And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.

19 "Do this for a commemoration of me"... This sacrifice and sacrament is to be continued in the church, to the end of the world, to shew forth the death of Christ, until he cometh. But this commemoration, or remembrance, is by no me and inconsistent with the real presence of his body and blood, under these sacramental veils, which represent his death; on the contrary, it is the manner that he himself hath commanded, of commemorating and celebrating his death, by offering insacrifice, and receiving in the sacrament, that body and blood by which we were redeemed.

John 20, 22f; 22 When he had said this, he breathed on them; and he said to them: Receive ye the Holy Ghost.

CONFERRED BY IMPOSITION OF HANDS,

Acts 6, 6; 6  These they set before the apostles; and they praying, imposed hands upon them.

Acts 13, 3; 13 Then they, fasting and praying, and imposing their hands upon them, sent them away.

Acts14, 22; 22 And when they had ordained to them priests in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, in whom they believed.

GIVE GRACE

1 Tim.4, 14; 1 4 Neglect not the grace that is in thee, which was given thee by prophesy, with imposition of the hands of the priesthood.

2 Tim.1, 6; 6  For which cause I admonish thee, that thou stir up the grace of God which is in thee, by the imposition of my hands.

VII MATRIMONY:

Eph. 5,25 ,31,32,33; 25 Husbands, love your wives, as Christ also loved the church, and delivered himself up for it: 31 For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife, and they shall be two in one flesh. 32 This is a great sacrament; but I speak in Christ and in the church. 33. Nevertheless let every one of you in particular love his wife as himself: and let the wife fear her husband.

Matt. 19, 5;  5 For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife, and they two shall be in one flesh.

Mark 10, 7-9; 7 For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife. 8 And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh. 9 What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.

1 Tim 2, 15; 15 Yet she shall be saved through childbearing; if she continue in faith, and love, and sanctification, with sobriety.